Galileo Galilei: He was called as “Father of modern physics”.
Albert Einstein called Galileo Galilei as “Father of modern physics”. Galileo’s vision and his invention of Solar system which is considered to be the biggest invention that helped the world in advancing towards the progress and achieving the success.
Let’s find out the mysterious side of this great scientist to whom Catholic Church apologized 400 hundred years after his death.
- Galileo the Monk
Galileo was sent to fulfill his father’s dream of a medical practitioner. He was sent to the monastery of Jesuit to study medicine. But after spending four years of his time he decided to become a monk. His family and especially his father was sent out of the house and left him on his own, but joined him after he was defrocked as the priest.
- Galileo’s study room – a cathedral
Galileo was more interested in conducting experiments in science and was working whenever he finds time in the cathedral. His study of pendulum started when in the night he sat for prayers watching the night lamp swings back and forth in the open air. Galileo was never successful in building a pendulum clock. He started spending more time with his studies and built his first telescope.
- Galileo’s Finger
Hundred years after Galileo’s death, his body which was kept in chemicals was taken to the burial. But during the burial one of the devotees snip the middle finger of Galileo’ right hand as a memento and the middle finger of the right hand of the great scientist is now kept for display in the Museum of the History of Science in Florence. The finger was said to be pointed towards Rome.
- Einstein was Galileo’s biggest fan
Einstein called Galileo as the father of modern physics. Einstein believed that Galileo’s knowledge of reality was based more on experience and experiments. Galileo’s vision and his way of announcing it to the world helped the world to progress in the direction of modern science. In his childhood, Einstein was largely influenced by the life and works of Galileo.
- Galileo: devoted catholic but unwilling father
Galileo was a very devoted catholic and remained the same until his death. But he never thought of marrying the mother of his three children. In order to save the dowry on his illegitimate daughters, he lived in a villa close to the daughters’ convent in the West Florence. His daughters had to stay in the convent all their life as they did not have any choice.
- Galileo: unpopular professor of mathematics
Galileo Galilei worked as a professor of mathematics, geometry, mechanics and astronomy at the University of Padua and then at the University of Pisa as a professor of mathematics. But his higher attachment towards his studies made him unpopular among students. Due to his indifferent behavior university decided not to renew his contract.
- Galileo built powerful telescopes
Galileo didn’t invent the telescope but he got the idea of the telescope from a Dutch spectacle maker who had built a spyglass. Galileo first built a powerful telescope having three times magnification and later he developed a more powerful model that could see up to 30 times magnification.
- Galileo’s other inventions
Galileo apart from discovering solar system also tried inventing other very common and useful objects which now we use in our lives. Though he was not successful in the inventions but he had sketched few of his ideas of the invention in his book, which includes: candle-and-mirror- to reflect light, an automatic tomato picker, a pocket comb, a ballpoint pen and many others.
- Galileo’s suffering
An important event in his personal life was – his fight with the Roman Catholic Church. His discoveries relating to the solar system where he declared earth moves around the sun was against the catholic belief. It made Galileo suffer all his life. The battle against the Catholic Roman Church forced Galileo to face trials. The Church found him guilty of spreading unethical and deceitful information in the society.
He was imprisoned. He was made to revive his own studies and theories. All his work was prohibited from publishing or studying further.
- Unconditional Apology from Catholic Church
Four hundred years after his death, the Roman Catholic Church realized the blunder it had made a few centuries ago. And the Catholic priests apologized for the mistakes of the past. Following the realization, a decision on erecting a statue of Galileo inside the Vatican was considered. Pope Benedict XVI, honored Galileo for his work in the fields of astronomy and physics.